This page introduces the terms that appear on this site in addition to related phrases.
Refer to this page for help such as when viewing product specifications for choosing a vision sensor, and when configuring the settings on a vision sensor.
The terms included here reflect meanings for functions of KEYENCE’s Vision Sensor IV Series and may differ from common usage.
|Automatic brightness adjustment
|A function that finds the optimal brightness automatically from multiple photographs taken under different image capture conditions.
|HDR is the abbreviation for High Dynamic Range. HDR technology is used to capture images with a wide range of brightness (dynamic range). The function is used when capturing images of a target that easily reflects light, such as metal, resulting in a significant difference between the light and dark areas of the image.
|A system that automatically adjusts the focus using a motor or other device.
|A device that signals the timing for capturing an image using the built-in camera. Image capturing is started from external input synchronised with the movement of the target, such as from an externally installed photoelectric sensor or PLC.
|Narrow field of view
|The range in which detection is possible is narrow. The minimum field of view for the IV Series narrow field of view sensor model is 8 mm × 6 mm at an installation distance of 40 mm.
|The range in which the vision sensor can capture a target.
|Wide field of view
|The range in which detection is possible is wide. The IV Series is available in two wide-field types, one with a maximum field of view of 275 mm × 206 mm at an installation distance of 300 mm, and one with a field of view of 550 mm × 412 mm at an installation distance of 600 mm.
|A diode that emits infrared light. Such diodes are also called IR LEDs.
|Crops out part of a captured image and enlarges it using computer processing.
|A lighting device that illuminates a target from various directions. Dome lights make it possible to apply soft, indirect lighting to targets with irregular shapes that are prone to shadows or glare.
|A device that signals the timing for capturing an image using the built-in camera. With trigger intervals, continuous imaging is performed for the specified interval.
|Glare during imaging occurs when a strong light is applied to the object, causing it to appear completely white and blurry.
|A filter that blocks unwanted light, allowing only the necessary light to be obtained. This causes colours to appear brighter and improves visibility of hard-to-see areas.
|A function for correcting colour influences from light in the shooting environment to ensure white is captured as white.
|An image used as the reference for judgement. Any image captured by the sensor can be registered as the master image.
|A real-time image captured by the sensor.
|A tool that detects the matching percentage with a registered inspection target based on the outline of the target.
|Colour Area tool
|A tool that detects the difference in area from a registered product based on colour.
|A tool that detects the difference in area from a registered product based on brightness. This tool is effective for difference checking based on gloss or surface finishing.
|Edge Pixels tool
|A tool that detects differences by counting the number of pixels at boundary points (edges) with large changes in brightness.
|Position Adjustment tool
|A tool that calculates and corrects the amount of misalignment from the master image.
|A tool that detects the difference from a non-defective target based on the diameter.
|A tool that detects the difference from a non-defective target based on the width between edges.
|A tool that detects the difference from a non-defective target based on the pitch width.
|A method for expressing colour. With this method, colour is expressed through the combination of three primary colours of light: red (R), green (G), and blue (B).
|A method for expressing colour. With this method, colour is expressed through hue (H), saturation (S), and value (V) or lightness. This method is similar to how a person perceives colour. Also referred to as “HSB colour space”.
|A boundary point with a large change in brightness.
|OCR is the abbreviation for Optical Character Recognition (or Reader). A technology that reads handwritten or printed characters using a camera, and converts them into digital character codes that can be used by a computer.
|A function that rotates an image captured by the sensor to the correct orientation in situations where the orientation of the object is not determined due to problems with transferring.
|A function that uses length for determining whether a product is defective instead of the match percentage based on an image.
|Using multiple tools for detection of multiple points within the field of view.
|A function for setting output conditions by combining the results of multiple detection tools using logical operations such as AND, OR, and inversion.
|An open network protocol using Ethernet and managed by Open DeviceNet Vendor Association, Inc. (ODVA). The ability to communicate large amounts of control and monitoring data at high speeds and over large areas makes this protocol effective for improving operation rates and quality.
|FTP is the abbreviation for File Transfer Protocol. This protocol makes it possible to transfer files over the Internet (LAN).
|The ability to track processing from sourcing to production of raw materials, to consumption or disposal of the product in order to clarify when, where, and by whom the product was made.
|Histogram (frequency distribution)
|A distribution chart showing the degree of coincidence using the numerical data of detection results. Histograms are used to confirm inspection stability and to check variations in inspections for targets. The horizontal axis represents the degree of coincidence, and the vertical axis represents the number of inspections.
|A sensor that outputs data and judgement results by processing images captured by an image sensor, such as a CCD (charge-coupled device) or CMOS (complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor) device, to calculate feature values of the target (such as area, centre of gravity, length, and position).
|A target made of a material with high light reflectance such as metal materials or white materials.
|A sensor unit that obtains an output signal using a transmitter to emit light such as visible or infrared light using a transmitter, and a receiver to detect changes in the amount of light reflected by or blocked by the detection target.
|The changes in settings of processing machines, jigs, or devices according to the products being transferred on the production line. Also known as “model changeover”.
|A detection sensor that uses an optical fibre connected to the light source of a photoelectric sensor for detection. Fibreoptic sensors can be easily installed in narrow spaces and other locations.